In a bid to protect the interest of local service providers, the Zambian government will introduce a tax on internet phone calls.
The increased popularity of internet telephony services like Skype, WhatsApp and Viber “threatens the telecommunications industry and jobs in companies such as (operators) Zamtel, Airtel and MTN,” government spokeswoman Dora Siliya said in a statement.
“Government has therefore introduced a 30 ngwee ($0.03) charge a day tariff on internet phone calls.”
The policy, which has yet to become law, follows Uganda’s recent decision to impose a $0.05 daily levy on social media sites including Facebook and Twitter which was met with protests by opponents.
Siliya said that the fee would be collected by mobile phone operators and internet providers.
While WhatsApp and similar apps offer end-to-end encryption of calls, mobile phone carriers and internet providers can tell from the volume of data that a voice or video call is being made, even if they can’t listen in to the conversation.
“We have noted that it’s part of the systematic attempt by the state to stifle freedom of expression online. This is an assault to freedom of expression and association,” said Richard Mulonga, head of the online rights group Bloggers of Zambia.
“This tariff does not promote digital inclusion, internet neutrality and affordability. It is an assault on innovation and entrepreneurship,” he added.
Zambia’s Communication Minister, Brian Mushimba said that the levy on internet calls was purely economic. “We don’t believe in stifling the media, we believe in freedom of expression and this decision is purely an economic decision because we have lost income and so we are saying if Skype, WhatsApp are making money, how about us?”
Human rights activist Brebner Changala said that the fee would unnecessarily burden ordinary Zambians to swell state coffers.
“These people want to continue curtailing our freedom. We all know they are broke but we ask them to allow us to express ourselves without any charge. Let them leave our freedom,” Changala said.
The Internet has become important for civil society in Zambia, and activists worry the tax will curtail freedom of expression.